Controlling Alien Admission - Border Control/Admission - CIS Ombudsman -Consumer Recommendations and Case Problems
The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Ombudsman is dedicated to improving problems in the immigration benefits process. As parts of this task, he both takes complaints and recommendations regarding systemic problems and forwards specific problems with individual immigration cases to the USCIS for further action.
There are many issues surrounding the employment of immigrants who are already in the United States. Employers in the United States are prohibited from knowingly hiring undocumented aliens or aliens without the proper work authorizations. They are also prohibited from continuing to employ an alien whose status has changed from authorized to unauthorized to work.
Initial jurisdiction to rule on applications for naturalization is given to the U.S. Customs and Immigration Service (USCIS, formerly the Immigration and Naturalization Service) exclusively pursuant to § 310 of the Immigration and Naturalization Act (INA). If a naturalization application is denied, a person can appeal for a "de novo" (or completely new) review of the application by a court. This review by a court is called "judicial review."
Two types of visas are offered to permit students to study in the United States temporarily: "F" visas, which are designed for academic studies or language training, and "M" visas, which are provided for nonacademic or vocational studies. Only certain schools may be approved for academic attendance by foreign nationals, and there are strict limitations on who may attend public schools.
Canadian and Mexicans who wish to trade in the United States under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) or the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement may be eligible to enter using TN nonimmigrant visas. The purpose of the U.S. trip must be to carry on business activities at a professional level, and the trip must be temporary in nature.